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身份证号码,从托福评分标准视点看怎么进步独立写作分数,国海证券

今日共享一篇托福写作方面的干货文章,期望对咱们有协助。

咱们有必要首要要全面了解托福写作评分标准,才可以有针对性方向的去操练备考。那么,让咱们一同从托福写作官方评分标准角度来剖析独立写作中关于考生写作言语的要求。

依据下列展现的评分标准,不难发现,ETS关于各个分数段的文章的要求中均将逻辑logic一词放在恰当的高度,调查咱们文章的证明以及比如证明进程,一起也对写作言语提出了相应要求。可是,尽管看似托福独立写作更为推重考生的逻辑证明进程,但这并不能成为咱们的藉口“言语够用就好”;恰恰相反,依据许多教师的主张和高分考生的备考阅历共享,咱们可以发现,一套好的书面表达言语恰恰是得到高分的法宝,由于杰出的言语表达才能可以可以更为全面的表达考生细致的逻辑思维,广泛的布景常识和杰出的言语控制才能。

身份证号码,从托福评分标准角度看怎样前进独立写作分数,国海证券
SCORE TASK DEION
5 An essay at this level largely accomplishes all of the followi平波市ng: -Effectively addresses the topic and task-Is well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations, exemplifications, and/or details-Displays unity, progression, and coherence-Displays consistent facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomatic language, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors
4 An essay at this level largely accomplishes all of the following:-Addresses the topic and task well, though some points may not be fully elaborated-Is generally well organized and well developed, using ap一支钢枪手中握propriate and sufficient explanations, exemplifications, and/or details-Displays unity, progression, and coherence, though it may contain occasional redundancy, digression, or unclear connec吃人蟒蛇岛tions-Displays facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety and range of vocabulary, though it will probably have occasional noticeable minor errors in structure, word form, or use of idi身份证号码,从托福评分标准角度看怎样前进独立写作分数,国海证券omatic language that do not interfere with meaning
3 An essay at this level 法茂人is marked by one or more of the following: -Addresses the topic and task using somewhat developed explanations, exemplifications, and/or details-Displays unity, progression, and coherence, though connection of ideas may be occasionally obscured-May demonstrate inconsistent facility in sentence formation and word choice that may result in lack of clarity and occasionally obscure meaning-May display accurate, but limited range of syntactic structures and vocabulary

从上述评分标准节选中可以看出,一篇杰出(4分)乃至优异(5分)的文章在言语方面不只要求咱们有丰厚且精准的词汇表达才能和联接天然流通的言语表达才能,还需要咱们可以从华章中展现出言语用句方面的多样性。可是,终究怎样表现用句方面丰厚的多样性,考生好像存在很大的疑问。咱们简直都有相似的阅历,满怀信心的将精心完结的文章交给教师审理后,却得出Chinglish, awkward expression无翼鸟福利一类的点评。同学们会很困惑于为什么简直没有任何语法错误的情况下,教师仍会给咱们这样的点评。尽管这些文章没有太多语法错误,可是,文中许多的句子确真实运用英语百分百的字面翻译咱们的汉语句子,别的再加上关于英美人士用句习气缺少了解,考生很简略在言语表达方面遇到瓶颈,使言语成为写作分数难以前进的瓶颈。

依据一些好的范文以及有英语母语人士写出的流影云笛加多少法伤阅览资料剖析,咱们不难发现,简直一切契合Written Standard Formal English这一要求好的文章都具有许多相同的言语特征,其间,本文将要点浅谈其间两个表达特征,那便是:variety, 以及briefness.

Ⅰ VARIETY

首要,评分标准中“demonstrating syntactic variety”这一要求来看,ETS将言语表达多样性放在了其言语才能要求的榜首位。那么,怎样使言语真的变得various,关于绝大多数我国学生来说并不是一个简略的要求,由于咱们受汉言语语表达的约束,往往会将全文写作句式和表达逻辑过于单一,不具有言语方面的闪光点。那么,怎样将言语变得愈加various,以下两个角度为考生们供给了一些新的表达方式供其参阅。

(1)主语挑选方面

受汉语约束,我国考生简直在开始进行写作操练时千人一面通篇句子悉数以人称词做主语;可是,假如咱们多去剖析阅览资料中英美本族人士的写作华章,咱们发现他们的文章中很大部分句子是以动作和事物作为主语。因而,为到达言语多样性要求,榜首条主张便是咱们在用句时可以考虑将部分句子主语进行替换,完结多样化。例如:

a. introducing children earlier to study foreign languages is deeply身份证号码,从托福评分标准角度看怎样前进独立写作分数,国海证券 recommended by some educationists.

在该句中,原句作者并未将此句写成咱们更为了解的:some educationist deeply recommend to have children introduced to study foreign languages earlier. 相反,作者选用introducing children earlier to stu身份证号码,从托福评分标准角度看怎样前进独立写作分数,国海证券dy foreign languages 动名词词组做主语,逻辑上用动作,而非人作主语,给咱们带来眼前一亮的感觉。

b. the obviou尖端宠妻硬汉s argument in its fav谌天舒or is that young children pick up languages much more easily than teenagers.

在该句中,原文作者没有采纳我国考生最为推重的some people are favoring that young children pick up languages much more easily than teenagers. 而孙协志韩瑜已这些人所持有的argument作为主语到达言语表达上的多样性。

c. it is too absolute t中伏天o define university education as the most important factor in a person’s successful.

在该例句中,作者相同运用表动作的不定式“to define university education as the most important factor in a person’s successful”。

相似的比如还有:

-Focusing on sports facilities is too narrow an approach and would not have the desired results.

-The 21st century has already witnessed too much catastrophes.

-Rarely ever has history seen a man or society kick back or relax.

-Reactions to World Wars one and two in expressed by the artistic community an佰美丽d historically do not support the idea that the world is changing for the better.

因而,为了到达言语多样性这一需求,同学们可以从较为简略的方dy734法下手,改动传统千人一面的言语习气,恰当挑选主语,可以结合被动语态物化主语,或去动作化句中主语,改动言语表达习气。

(2)详细概念抽象化

常看英美人士所写出阅览资料的考生必定会有形象摩根弗里曼和吕子乔关于英语本族人士关于名词性从句的运用。实际上,从言语学分支方向语用学角度剖析,英语本族人士关于名词性从句的运用正好表现了英语详细概念抽象化这一特征。例如:

a. What we had learnt from the environmental crisis paved the way for us to consolidate the idea about environmental protection.

在该例句子,该考生并未依照我国学生的传统表达方式将此句写为:the lessons that we had learnt from the environmental crisis paved the way for us to consolidate the idea about environmental protection, 而是直接暮色渡河夏运用主语从句what we had learnt from the environmental crisis作为该句主语。

b. by providing them with periodical training pr身份证号码,从托福评分标准角度看怎样前进独立写作分数,国海证券ograms, managers hope workers to employ what they have acquired from the workshop to minimize the possibility of making mistakes.

在该句中,作者将to employ the knowledge learnt from the workshop 替换成身份证号码,从托福评分标准角度看怎样前进独立写作分数,国海证券了宾语从句what they have acquired from the workshop去表现其言语方面的多样性。

c. What motivates people to change is a relentless and innate desire for self-improvement.

乃至在College board供给的某篇满分SAT作文中,该考生也在开篇榜首句运用主语从句替换传统言语表达习气。

因而,作为主张到达言语多样性要求的主张之二,也要点引荐考生在习气性运用定语从句的一起也多去考虑,学习习气运用名词性从句完结详细概念抽象化。

那么讲完了variety后,咱们在一同看一看briefness究竟讲的是什么。

Ⅱ BRIEFNESS

同学们上初中以来必定特别自豪能写出一套长句,特别是在学会运用定语从句后。而然,就在咱们乐此不疲孜孜不倦的运用从句从句从句时,污组词却不知,例如这样的句子“I ate an李智孝 apple which had been given by Marry who comes from USA which is a state in North America that is a continent on the earth which is the only one planet with the trace of living creatures in the whole galaxy”却会彻底让你们的读者抓狂。实际上,在咱们累计了必定阅览资料后,咱们不难发现,英语本族那些老外在书写时,特别针对信息量很大的正式文时,却往往习气运用各种成分去替换从句。把握这一规则后,引荐伊万尼沙咱们好好学习非谓语动词一章概念,看看怎样运用不定式,分词等替换咱们的定语从句和状语从句。

a. From his smile it was evident that Burton had successfully reached an agreement to avert a strike.

在该例句中,作者并未运用咱们更为了解的定语从句that would avert a strike去润饰an agreement,而有用不定式动作to avert a strike做定语。

b. Having been Lesile’s teammate for three basketball seasons, Claire Knew that Leslie had the experience and temperament requiring of a good team captain.

在该句中,作者运用现在分词完结时引导原因状语having been Lesile’s teammate for three basketball seasons替换了原因状语从句becdnf令郎ause he had been Lesile’s teammate for three basketball seasons.

相似例句还有:

-Traveling through Yosemite, we photographed the beautiful scenery of waterfalls and granite peaks.

-Carried by the strong, dry winds of the stratosphere, dust from the 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helens crossed the United States in threregestere days and circled the globe in two weeks.

-Used as a writing material in ancient Egypt, papyrus was made from a type of plant that flourished in the Nile Valley.

结语

具有一个突破性的写作分数看似不是一件简略的事,可是咱们在充沛了解到考官究竟想要怎样样的文章之后,便可以依据其评分标准得出自己的备考计划。再测验独立写作言语功底方面,上面若干主张可以极大的协助同学总结提高言语基本功,写出考官期望得到的句子,协助咱们得到身份证号码,从托福评分标准角度看怎样前进独立写作分数,国海证券心仪的分数。

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